DIRECTIONS (Q.Nos. 41-45) Read the follOWing passage and answer the questions that follow. Democracy is a form of government in which people are governed by their own elected representatives. It is a government of the people, for the people. In this system of government, it is the people who are supreme and sovereign. They are free to elect a government of their own choice. Freedom of choice is the core of democracy. Democracy existed in ancient Greek and Roman republics but with little success. It had very little scope in ancient India. Democracy entered its golden stage in the 20th century. Many countries in the world today follow the democratic form of government: Democracy depends on the following conditions (I) co-existence of Ideas and of parties, (ii) the right to free discussions (iii) periodic elections. India is the largest democracy in the world. The Constitution of India was enforced on 26th January, 1950. India became a democratic republic infused with the spirit of justice, liberty, equality and fraternity. The Indian political system is multi-party system. Political parties are vehicles of Ideas .Parties act as the bridge between Social thought and political decision in democracy. However, gradually politics has become a game of opportunism an corruption.Most political Parties are only interested in coming to power. So try to influence the people through caste politics. some try to raise the religious sentiments of the people. We enjoys every right of theory but not in practice. Real democracy will come into being only one when the masses are awakened and take part in the economic andpolitical life of the country. There is inquality in every sphere social, economic and political. Illiteracy IS the main cause of inequality. The IllIterate masses get easily lured by money during such an event. Also some of our legislators have criminal records against them. The people who make the laws themselves break them. For the democracy to be fully successful, the electorate should be literate and politically conscious. They should be fully aware of their rights and privileges.

1. What is the core of democracy?

  • Option : A
  • Explanation : The answer is clear from the last sentence of the first paragraph.

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2. What is wrong with the politics today?

  • Option : C
  • Explanation : The third paragraph of the passage gives the answer.

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3. 'The people who make the laws themselves break them.' Who are 'the people' here?

  • Option : D
  • Explanation : The answer is clear from the last few sentences of the passage.

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4. For what do the political parties try to influence the people through caste politics?

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : The last three sentences of the third paragraph give the answer.

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5. The style of the passage is

  • Option : B
  • Explanation : Expository means 'intended to explain or describe something'.

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